Vanhempien käsityksiä päiväkoti-ikäisten lasten kasvisten, hedelmien ja sokeripitoisten elintarvikkeiden syömiseen vaikuttavista tekijöistä

Vanhempien käsityksiä päiväkoti-ikäisten lasten kasvisten, hedelmien ja sokeripitoisten elintarvikkeiden syömiseen vaikuttavista tekijöistä

Author(s): Carola Raya (carola.ray@folkhalsan.fi), Suvi Määttäb, Gun Roosc & Eva Roosd

Source: Journal of Early Childhood Education Research; Vol 5(1), p. 115-135.

Full text: PDF (in Finnish)

Abstract: Parents’ perceptions about factors related to their children’s fruit- and vegetable (FV) and sugar-enriched food intake is a less studied subject, even if it is well-known that parents have an important role for their children’s food intake. This study aims to bring up parents’ perceptions of factors influencing children’s intake of FV and sugar-enriched foods. Focus groups (n=6) were conducted among parents (n=17) of 3 to 5–year old children during autumn 2014. Two researchers independently analysed the data. The data was classified into four groups based on the interactions between factors influencing children’s food intake: a) the interaction between child and parents (factors such as the personality of the child, parents as role models), b) the physical and social environment of the home (such as the efforts parents put on feeding, practices related to availability), c) home and preschool (such as new foods tasted at preschool and then tastes are tasted at home, the meal pattern) d) home and the society (the price of FV, the public discussion about food and health). In conclusion, parents’ perceived that they interact with their children, with the home environment, the preschool, and the society when influencing their children’s FV and sugar-enriched food intake. Increasing parents’ awareness and knowledge about food parenting practices and clearly outspoken rules could be beneficial for children’s food intake. More research is needed about the interaction between preschool and home, and about the role of socioeconomic status for children’s food intake.

Author-Supplied Keywords: preschool children, eating habits, parents’ perceptions, qualitative research

ISSN: 2323-7414

ISSN-L: 2323-7414 online

Author Affiliation: <a, bResearch Center of Folkhälsan, Helsinki, Finland, c, dOslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, Consumption Research Norway SIFO, Oslo, Norway